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Investigating Self-Motivation Skills in Early Childhood Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia
Summary:This study aims to investigate self-motivation skills in early childhood education (ECE) during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Early childhood children have low learning motivation during the COVID-19 pandemic, because they are bored with activities at home every day. Self-motivation skill means a behavioral tendency to encourage oneself and others to fulfill the needs. We posed a research question, how did parents, early childhood teachers and government/other sectors motivate children. We did interview to five parents and five preschool teachers in DKI Jakarta as a pilot study. The result revealed that parents, teachers and government could help children in dealing with problems at home, so that children did not become stressed continuously. Parents worked with teachers through effective communication by email, whatsapp, zoom meetings, etc. to plan, act and evaluate lessons each week. The government cooperated with stakeholders to develop ECEC guidelines, facilitate internet access with free quotas, train ECEC teachers to use curricula and technology in learning during the COVID-19 pandemic, and conduct researches. In addition, they also provide staple foodstuffs for the community to overcome food shortages, because parents did not get sufficient income, and vaccine to prevent the spread of the novel corona virus.
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Dean, Faculty of Education, State University of Jakarta. Dr. Sofia Hartati received her Bachelor degree in Geography Education from the IKIP Bandung in 1981, earned her Master's degree in Sociology from Padjadjaran University in Bandung in 1992, then her EdD in Early Childhood education from the Jakarta State University (UNJ) in 2009. She is qualified as a lecturer of Early Childhood Education, a researcher in early childhood of social skill spectrum, and a reviewer of the Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education Studies.
Sri Indah Pujiastuti
Sri Indah Pujiastuti is a lecturer of Early Childhood Teacher Education, State University of Jakarta, Indonesia. She was a doctoral graduated from the Institute for Psychology in Education and Teaching, University of Muenster, Germany. Her teachings reflect assessment and evaluation in early childhood education, child development, children's play, and teaching and learning in early childhood education. Her research interests are assessment and evaluation in early childhood education, social-emotional development and competences of children, children's play, moral and religious development of children, and multiculturality of early childhood education. Her publications include books, articles, proceedings, and chapters on topics such as moral development of children, assessment and evaluation in early childhood education, stories for kindergarten, a cross-cultural comparison of socializing moral and emotion by preschool teachers in Germany and Indonesia, academic culture based on research methodology, poems for elementary school and spiritual poems.
Dwi Puji Lestari
Dwi Puji Lestari, Undergraduate Education at UIN Sunan Kalijaga Department of Islamic Religious Education in 2009-2012, then continued her master's degree at Jakarta State University Department of Early Childhood Education 2013-2016, in 2019 she continued her doctorate at Jakarta State University majoring in Child Education Early age. Profession as a Lecturer in Early Childhood Education at the Open University and Al Aqidah Al Hasyimiyyah School of Islam (STAI) Jakarta. So far, She has conducted research on early childhood education focusing on strengthening religious and moral behavior in early childhood. Research that has been done includes increasing anti-corruption behavior in children aged 5-6 years at RA Az Zahra Kebayoran Baru, South Jakarta 2016, Introduction of gender in children aged 5-6 years through role play at RA Al Hub (2019), Anti bullying in early childhood at my school Yogyakarta 2019, Anti-radicalism learning model for early childhood in DKI Jakarta 2020, Implementation of religious characters in early childhood during the COVID-19 2020 pandemic, Parenting during the COVID-19 pandemic: Description of activities child development 2020.