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Strategies to Achieve Goals Related to TV or Computer Activities: Their Correlates with Adolescents' Well-being

Summary:

This study explores the relationship among life domains satisfaction, overall life satisfaction, self-esteem, perceived social support and salient values for future in a sample of boys and girls aged between 12 and 16. Additionally, links between the above measures of well-being and the typology of intentional behaviours used to fulfil intended goals related to some audiovisual media are analysed. Intentional behaviours explored in this research are: activities reported to gain knowledge about computers and activities to achieve desirable things seen on TV. The tendency to plan or rely on chance when searching information on the Internet already explored in a previous work (Casas, González et al., 2004; Casas, Figuer et al.; 2003) is also included.

The results obtained from the application of principal components analysis of the scaled variables measuring well-being and qualitative analysis of the open-items evaluating goal-achievement strategies seem to reveal that particular relationships among measures related to well-being could be associated to different behaviours in relation to media. It is also likely that these behaviours, which depend on the concrete media considered, have an important influence, in turn, in the configuration of a particular structure of well-being. Age and gender differences are also considered.

Keywords:
life-satisfaction, values, goal achievement, perceived control, self-esteem, adolescents, perceived social support.

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