|To better grasp the situation of ECEC around the world, it is essential to understand the circumstances in each country. In this section, we introduce basic information ranging from population size and educational investment in the country to educational systems, mainly focusing on the preschool phase. It is our humble hope that this information will be of some use to our readers who are interested in ECEC around the world.|
1. Capital: Seoul
2. Population: 49 750 000 (2015)
3. Official/National Language(s): Korean
4. Currency: South Korean won (KRW)
5. System of Education and Childcare
- Education system: Primary (ages 6-11), lower secondary (ages 12-14), upper secondary (ages 15-17), tertiary (age 18-)
- Regulating authority: Ministry of Education (Kindergarten, primary to tertiary), Ministry of Health and Welfare(Childcare services)
- Compulsory education: Ages 6-14
- The South Korean government is recently moving toward the integration of kindergartens and daycare centers. The common "Nuri curriculum" was introduced to all children between aged 3 to 5 regardless of the type of facility they attend.
- 3 year old: 85% (2012)
- 4 year old: 87% (2012)
- 5 year old: 88% (2012)
- 6 year old: 95% (2012)
- Pre-primary: 0.2% (2011)
- Primary, secondary, and post-secondary non-tertiary: 3.4% (2011)
- All levels of education combined: 5.0% (2011)
- Primary: 25 (2012)
- Pre-primary: 16(2012)
- Primary: 18(2012)
- PISA 2012: Math-5, Reading-5, Science-7
- TIMSS 2011 (4th grade): Math-2, Science-1
- 2. Population Division, United Nations. World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision.
- 5. OECD (2012). Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Korea 2012.
- OECD. Diagram of Education system.
- 6. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table C2.1 Enrolment rates in early childhood and primary education, by age (2005, 2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933118333.
- 7. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table B4.1. Total public expenditure on education (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933117573.
- 8. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.1. Average class size, by type of institution and level of education (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.
- 9. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.2. Ratio of students to teaching staff in educational institutions (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.
- 10. OECD (2013). PISA 2012 RESULTS IN FOCUS. Snapshot of performance in mathematics, reading and science. http://www.oecd.org/pisa/keyfindings/pisa-2012-results-snapshot-volume-I-ENG.pdf.
- Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Arora, A. (2012).The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_M_Chapter1.pdf, p.40.
- Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Stanco, G.M. (2012). The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Science. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timss.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_S_Chapter1.pdf, p.38.