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[Finland] Basic Data

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To better grasp the situation of ECEC around the world, it is essential to understand the circumstances in each country. In this section, we introduce basic information ranging from population size and educational investment in the country to educational systems, mainly focusing on the preschool phase. It is our humble hope that this information will be of some use to our readers who are interested in ECEC around the world.
Updated on August 21, 2015

1. Capital: Helsinki
2. Population: 5 461 000 (2015)
3. Official/National Language(s): Finnish, Swedish
4. Currency: Euro (EUR)
5. System of Education and Childcare

  • Education system: ECEC (ages 0-5), pre-primary (age 6), basic education (ages 7- 15), upper secondary (ages 16-18), tertiary (age 19-)
  • Regulating authority: Ministry of Education and Culture, Finnish National Board of Education
  • Compulsory education: Ages 7-16
  • Early childhood education and care are integrated in the Finnish system.
6. Enrollment
  • 3 year old: 51% (2012)
  • 4 year old: 59% (2012)
  • 5 year old: 68% (2012)
  • 6 year old: 98% (2012)
7. Total public expenditure on education (% of GDP)
  • Pre-primary: 0.4% (2011)
  • Primary, secondary, and post-secondary non-tertiary: 4.2% (2011)
  • All levels of education combined: 6.8% (2011)
8. Average class size
  • Primary: 19
9. Ratio of students to teaching staff
  • Pre-primary: 11 (2012)
  • Primary: 14 (2012)
10. Ranking in PISA and TIMSS
  • PISA 2012: Math-12, Reading-6, Science-5
  • TIMSS 2011 (4th grade): Math-8, Science-3

Finland_English.gif
    Reference

  • 2. Population Division, United Nations. World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision.
    http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.
  • 5. Ministry of Education and Culture. The Finnish Education System.
    http://www.minedu.fi/export/sites/default/OPM/Koulutus/koulutusjaerjestelmae/liitteet/finnish_education.pdf
  • Finnish National Board of Education (2013). "Finland Kyoiku Gaiyo" (Education in Finland, in Japanese). http://www.oph.fi/download/151277_education_in_finland_japanese_2013.pdf
  • 6. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table C2.1 Enrolment rates in early childhood and primary education, by age (2005, 2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933118333.
  • 7. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table B4.1. Total public expenditure on education (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933117573.
  • 8. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.1. Average class size, by type of institution and level of education (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.
  • 9. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.2. Ratio of students to teaching staff in educational institutions (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.
  • 10. OECD (2013). PISA 2012 RESULTS IN FOCUS. Snapshot of performance in mathematics, reading and science. http://www.oecd.org/pisa/keyfindings/pisa-2012-results-snapshot-volume-I-ENG.pdf.
  • Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Arora, A. (2012).The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_M_Chapter1.pdf, p.40.
  • Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Stanco, G.M. (2012). The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Science. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timss.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_S_Chapter1.pdf, p.38.
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