TOP > Projects > ECEC around the World > [Australia] Basic Data

Projects

[Australia] Basic Data

Japanese
To better grasp the situation of ECEC around the world, it is essential to understand the circumstances in each country. In this section, we introduce basic information ranging from population size and educational investment in the country to educational systems, mainly focusing on the preschool phase. It is our humble hope that this information will be of some use to our readers who are interested in ECEC around the world.
Updated on September 11, 2015

1. Capital: Canberra
2. Population: 23 923 000 (2015)
3. Official/National Language(s): English
4. Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)
5. System of Education and Childcare

  • Education system: Pre-school (ages 3-5), pre-primary (age 5), primary (6 years or 7 years), lower secondary (4 years or 3 years), upper secondary (2 years), tertiary (age 18-)
  • Regulating authority: Department of Education and Training, Department of Social Services (child care policies and programmes)
  • Compulsory education: Differs in each state and territory; in most places, schooling is compulsory between 6 and 15. However, the local governments are recently lengthening the period of education and most children start school at age 5 and are required to remain in school or training until age 17. For more detail, see ACARA website, "National Report on Schooling in Australia 2009"
    (http://www.acara.edu.au/reporting/national_report_on_schooling_2009/schools_and_schooling/school_structures.html).
6. Enrollment
  • 3 year old: 18% (2012)
  • 4 year old: 76% (2012)
  • 5 year old: 100% (2012)
  • 6 year old: 100% (2012)
7. Total public expenditure on education (% of GDP)
  • Pre-primary: 0.1% (2011)
  • Primary, secondary, and post-secondary non-tertiary: 3.6% (2011)
  • All levels of education combined: 4.8% (2011)
8. Average class size
  • Primary: 24 (2012)
9. Ratio of students to teaching staff
  • Pre-primary: N/A (2012)
  • Primary: 16 (2012)
10. Ranking in PISA and TIMSS
  • PISA 2012: Math-19, Reading-13, Science-16
  • TIMSS 2011 (4th grade): Math-18, Science-22

Australia_English.gif
    Reference

  • 2. Population Division, United Nations. World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision.
    http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.
  • 5. "National Report on Schooling in Australia 2009," ACARA website.
    http://www.acara.edu.au/reporting/national_report_on_schooling_2009/schools_and_schooling/school_structures.html.
  • "Schools in Australia," Study in Australia.
    http://www.studyinaustralia.gov.au/usa/australian-education/schools.
  • "The Australian Education System," the Department of Social Service.
    https://www.dss.gov.au/our-responsibilities/settlement-services/education#1.
  • OECD. Education Policy Outlook: Australia (June 2013).
    (http://www.oecd.org/edu/EDUCATION%20POLICY%20OUTLOOK%20AUSTRALIA_EN.pdf)
  • 6. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table C2.1 Enrolment rates in early childhood and primary education, by age (2005, 2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933118333.
  • 7. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table B4.1. Total public expenditure on education (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933117573.
  • 8. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.1. Average class size, by type of institution and level of education (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.
  • 9. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.2. Ratio of students to teaching staff in educational institutions (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.
  • 10. OECD (2013). PISA 2012 RESULTS IN FOCUS. Snapshot of performance in mathematics, reading and science. http://www.oecd.org/pisa/keyfindings/pisa-2012-results-snapshot-volume-I-ENG.pdf.
  • Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Arora, A. (2012).The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_M_Chapter1.pdf, p.40.
  • Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Stanco, G.M. (2012). The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Science. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timss.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_S_Chapter1.pdf, p.38.
Write a comment


*CRN reserves the right to post only those comments that abide by the terms of use of the website.

Facebook

About CRN

About Child Science

Links

CRN Child Science Exchange Program in Asia

Japan Today

Honorary Director's Blog

Recommended