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Pathology of Chastisement - 1


Pathology of Chastisement - 1


The biological parent-infant relationship, including its psychological aspect, must be holistically considered. Disturbance and disharmony of such relationship can be summarized as incompatibility of mother-infant (father-infant, or parent-infant) relationship.
Such problems can happen to small babies, infants or even to older children. This may be the case even after the child grows up and gets married. I would like to think about the particular case of incompatibility, an excessively offensive parent-infant relationship.

"Falling down the Stairs, Falling from a Bed"

After the end of World War II, people of both victorious nations and losing nations deeply regretted having killed each other in the war and felt strongly the sorrowful nature of human beings. As time went by, however, such sentiments were healed by peaceful and joyful atmosphere; people became more affluent economically and their living standard improved. In such an age there came the problem that drew the attention of pediatricians - children being injured by their parents in the United States, northern and other European countries. This would be the bloodiest type of the mother-infant incompatibility. The parents do not only love their children but also injure them.
There are children, babies and infants, with external wounds who are taken to an emergency room accompanied by their parents. The parents say that their children fell down the stairs or fell from their bed. The children have harrowing wounds such as skin bleeding or fractured bones.

Chastisement Syndrome

The ER pediatrician, of course, takes an X-ray while giving first aid to them. The problem is the diagnosis of the X-ray.
Other than the fracture supposed to be the cause of the emergency treatment, there are many other old fractures as well as external wounds. These old fractures and external wounds cannot be medically explained by what the parents are saying.
After a series of investigation it turned out that the children had been battered by their parents.

Dr. Caffey, professor of pediatric roentgenologist in New York, the United States, called it battered child syndrome. "Battered" means to bat, or to hit with a baseball bat. An English professor explained that the word is used to express the sound to tap chicken bones by birdmen. The word "battered" reminds the British people of the chicken bones used to make the broth. Battered child syndrome is translated into Japanese "Gyakutaiji/Hi-gyakutaiji Shokogun (abused or ill-treated child syndrome)." More elaborate translation is "Oshioki Shokogun (chastisement syndrome)."Because in most cases parents chastise or batter their children since they do not behave as expected.

Kobayashi, Noboru (1981). "Oshioki no Byourigaku - 1"
(written in Japanese). Tokyo: Child Research Net. Retrieved Feb 20, 2006, from the http://www.crn.or.jp/LIBRARY/KOBY/MIRAI/cbs0131.html
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