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[Hong Kong] Basic Data

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To better grasp the situation of ECEC around the world, it is essential to understand the circumstances in each country. In this section, we introduce basic information ranging from population size and educational investment in the country to educational systems, mainly focusing on the preschool phase. It is our humble hope that this information will be of some use to our readers who are interested in ECEC around the world.
Updated on July 24, 2015

1. Capital: N/A
2. Population: 7 314 000 (2015)
3. Official/National Language(s): Chinese, English, Cantonese
4. Currency: Hong Kong dollar (HKD)
5. System of Education and Childcare

  • Education system: Primary (ages 6-11), junior secondary (ages 12-14), senior secondary (ages 15-17), tertiary (age 18-)
  • Regulating authority: Education Bureau
  • Compulsory education: Ages 6-14
  • The new 6-3-3-4 system replaced the previous education system similar to the English schooling system in 2012 and the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE) is now imposed on students in the last year of secondary school. The HKDSE is a secondary school completion exam and is used for post-secondary admission.
6. Enrollment
  • 3 year old: N/A
  • 4 year old: N/A
  • 5 year old: N/A
  • 6 year old: N/A
7. Total public expenditure on education (% of GDP):
  • Pre-primary: N/A
  • Primary, secondary, and post-secondary non-tertiary: N/A
  • All levels of education combined: N/A
8. Average class size
  • Primary: N/A
9. Ratio of students to teaching staff
  • Pre-primary: N/A
  • Primary: N/A
10. Ranking in PISA and TIMSS
  • PISA 2012: Math-3, Reading-2, Science-2
  • TIMSS 2011 (4th grade): Math-3, Science-9

hongkong_English.gif
    Reference

  • 2. Population Division, United Nations. World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision.
    http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm.
  • 5. Education Bureau. Education System and Policy.
    http://www.edb.gov.hk/en/edu-system/list-page.html
  • 6. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table C2.1 Enrolment rates in early childhood and primary education, by age (2005, 2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933118333.
  • 7. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table B4.1. Total public expenditure on education (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933117573.
  • 8. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.1. Average class size, by type of institution and level of education (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.
  • 9. OECD (2014). Education at a Glance 2014: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en. Table D2.2. Ratio of students to teaching staff in educational institutions (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933119682.
  • 10. OECD (2013). PISA 2012 RESULTS IN FOCUS. Snapshot of performance in mathematics, reading and science. http://www.oecd.org/pisa/keyfindings/pisa-2012-results-snapshot-volume-I-ENG.pdf.
  • Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Arora, A. (2012).The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_M_Chapter1.pdf, p.40.
  • Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Foy, P., & Stanco, G.M. (2012). The TIMSS 2011 International Results in Science. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College. http://timss.bc.edu/timss2011/downloads/T11_IR_S_Chapter1.pdf, p.38.
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