school_1999_01
Table1
Where children played during recess yesterday
played on an athletic field or school playground, or in classrooms
%
  Played extensively Played a little Did not play much Did not play at all
1. On an athletic field or school playground 41.7 18.0 8.5 31.8
2. In classrooms 18.3 37.2 20.6 23.9
3. In corridors or on the stairs 5.9 14.8 16.4 62.9
4. Behind or in school buildings 1.6 2.6 6.6 89.2
5. Around shoes lockers 0.9 1.1 6.4 91.6
6. In the rest rooms 0.2 1.8 2.3 95.7


Table2
What children did during recess yesterday
80% chatted with their friends
%
  Yes No
1. Chatted with friends 83.2 16.8
2. Ran around 40.6 59.4
3. Played with balls or jumped rope 37.9 62.1
4. Played around with friends 29.4 70.6
5. Looked around at my friends and surroundings 16.6 83.4
6. Played with small toys and stationery 13.6 86.4
7. Drew cartoons and pictures 10.6 89.4


Table3
Did children play on school grounds after school yesterday?
%
1. Went straight home 60.4
2. Remained at school and played for a while 22.5
3. Played about half an hour 10.3
4. Played about an hour 5.2
5. Played about two hours 1.6


Table4
Did children play with their friends after school yesterday?
%
Yes 31.2
No 68.8


Table5
Where children played after they went home yesterday
%
1. Played inside their home 38.5
2. Played both inside and outside their home 12.9
3. Played only outside 8.2
4. Did not play 40.4


Table6
What children do at home after school
%
  Often Sometimes Rarely Never
1. Watch television 69.9 21.9 5.5 2.7
2. Read comic books and magazines 53.3 27.0 11.1 8.6
3. Loaf around and relax 41.3 27.0 20.6 11.1
4. Play video games 35.7 21.5 17.8 25.0
5. Talk with family members 28.7 23.5 27.0 20.8
6. Read books (other than comic books and magazines) 27.3 21.9 28.6 22.2
7. Listen to music 25.6 26.0 16.3 32.1
8. Eat sweets while playing 23.1 23.9 28.7 24.3
9. Play with pets 19.3 11.1 8.4 61.2
10. Look at one's collections (toys, stickers, stationery) 16.7 17.9 21.9 43.5
11. Draw cartoons and pictures 12.0 16.7 21.6 49.7
12. Play musical instruments 12.0 11.8 16.8 59.4
13. Think about different things 11.8 19.9 26.1 42.2
14. Play with toys 10.5 14.0 21.6 53.9
15. Run around and play around in the home 9.9 14.4 19.0 56.7
16. Play Shogi (Japanese Chess) or othello 8.1 13.8 26.4 51.7


Table7
What children do at home after school X gender
%
  Boys Girls
1. Watch television 68.8 71.3
2. Read comic books and magazines 50.8 56.2
3. Relax 39.6 43.0
4. Play TV games 51.5 17.3
5. Talk with family members 21.0 37.5
6. Read books (other than comic books and magazines) 25.1 29.6
7. Listen to music 17.2 34.9
8. Eat sweets while playing 26.4 19.6
9. Play with pets 17.1 21.7
10. Look at one's collections (toys, stickers, stationery) 12.1 22.0
11. Draw cartoons and pictures 9.0 15.4
12. Play instruments 5.9 19.1
13. Think about different things 10.6 13.3
14. Play with toys 15.9 4.4
15. Run around and play around in the home 11.7 7.5
16. Play Shogi (Japanese Chess) or othello 11.4 4.4
percentage answering "often"

Table8
What children do outside their home after school
%
  Often Sometimes Rarely Never
1. Chat with friends 35.7 26.8 16.7 20.8
2. Play with balls 25.9 24.1 17.5 32.5
3. Go around on a bicycle 17.1 17.7 22.4 42.8
4. Play with pets 14.3 9.8 8.5 67.4
5. Play tag or hide-and-seek 13.0 22.9 21.4 42.7
6. Play video games outdoors 12.9 17.0 14.1 56.0
7. Walk around 11.3 21.4 23.7 43.6
8. Go to convenience stores 10.8 15.3 15.9 58.0
9. Walk around the neighborhood reading comics or books 9.5 9.5 16.2 64.8
10. Play with empty cans or stones 6.0 10.4 16.2 67.4
11. Look at cars and people 5.7 6.7 14.9 72.7
12. Play jump rope or rubber bands 4.4 8.1 21.8 65.7
13. Draw pictures or letters on the grounds (scribble) 4.3 8.1 13.4 74.2
14. Look at insects or play with plants and flowers 4.3 6.4 16.9 72.4
15. Go to fast food shops 3.3 5.8 8.3 82.6
16. Play in trains or buses 1.5 3.4 7.5 87.6


Table9
What children do outside their home after school X gender
%
  Boys Girls
1. Chat with friends 30.9 40.8
2. Play with balls 42.6 7.1
3. Ride around on a bicycle 24.4 8.8
4. Play with pets 10.9 17.9
5. Play tag or hide-and-seek 13.6 11.9
6. Play video games outdoors 16.7 8.1
7. Walk around 14.8 7.5
8. Go to convenience stores 12.8 8.5
9. Walk around the neighorhood reading comics or books 11.8 6.7
10. Play with empty cans or stones 9.4 2.2
11. Look at cars and people 8.2 2.7
12. Play jump rope or rubber bands 2.7 6.2
13. Draw pictures or letters on the grounds (scribble) 5.8 2.7
14. Look at insects or play with plants and flowers 4.7 3.6
15. Go to fast food shops 4.3 2.2
16. Play in trains or buses 2.4 0.5
ercentage answering "often"

Table10
Frequency of play after school
%
  Never Rarely Sometimes Often
1. Have no time to play 9.8 10.0 26.0 54.2
2. Have to go to cram schools or private lessons 19.3 8.8 17.9 54.0
3. They are tired 24.3 21.0 24.9 29.8
4. They have homework or study 27.6 26.9 21.3 24.2
5. They do not feel like playing somehow 27.4 26.5 27.8 18.3
6. They have nobody to play with 28.7 29.4 25.2 16.7
7. They played a lot at school 53.6 26.2 11.9 8.3


Table11
Frequency of play after school X gender X school
%
  Total Gender School
Boys Girls A B C D E F
1. Have no time to play 54.2 55.2 53.3 59.6 55.8 55.6 48.9 50.6 46.8
2. Have to go to cram schools or private lessons 54.0 48.6 60.1 67.5 59.6 62.0 56.5 30.4 37.2
3. They are tired 29.8 27.5 32.9 37.1 23.1 32.9 19.6 26.3 26.7
4. They have homework or study 24.2 21.6 26.9 39.9 21.6 20.3 19.6 8.8 15.8
5. They do not feel like playing somehow 18.3 15.9 21.2 15.6 15.4 19.7 17.4 20.0 23.4
6. They have nobody to play with 16.7 17.5 15.9 19.6 9.6 13.9 21.3 12.3 21.3
7. They played a lot at school 8.3 9.5 7.1 11.4 5.9 14.5 2.2 6.2 3.9
percentage answering "often"

Table12
Schedules after school
%
  Cram school Sports activities Cultural activities No specific plans
Monday 31.0 3.4 11.3 54.3
Tuesday 24.9 10.5 13.0 51.6
Wednesday 26.5 10.1 12.3 51.1
Thursday 28.3 9.3 12.1 50.3
Friday 28.5 7.5 8.3 55.7
Saturday (school until lunch time) 22.1 16.2 11.5 50.2
Saturday (no school) 22.5 18.8 12.1 46.6
Sunday 18.8 16.0 2.4 62.8


Table13
Schedules after school X gender
%
  Boys Girls
  Cram school Sports activities Cultural activities No specific plans Cram school Sports activities Cultural activities No specific plans
Monday 29.1 3.4 5.7 61.8 33.3 3.5 17.7 45.5
Tuesday 24.1 14.2 6.5 55.2 26.0 6.5 19.9 47.6
Wednesday 25.7 11.1 8.4 54.8 27.7 9.1 16.9 46.3
Thursday 28.0 11.1 5.4 55.5 29.0 7.4 19.9 43.7
Friday 26.1 7.3 5.4 61.2 31.2 7.8 11.7 49.3
Saturday (school until lunch time) 20.3 23.0 6.5 50.2 24.2 8.7 17.3 49.8
Saturday (no school) 21.1 27.2 6.5 45.2 24.2 9.1 18.6 48.1
Sunday 18.8 23.4 1.5 56.3 19.0 6.9 3.5 70.6


Table14
Schedules after school X school
%
  School
A B C D E F
Cram school Monday 44.7 34.6 30.7 29.8 6.2 26.9
Tuesday 45.3 26.9 20.0 17.0 7.4 9.0
Wednesday 44.0 38.5 30.7 19.1 2.5 7.7
Thursday 41.0 26.9 21.3 31.9 11.1 25.6
Friday 45.9 48.1 26.7 19.1 2.5 14.1
Saturday (school until lunch time) 38.5 30.8 21.3 12.8 7.4 3.8
Saturday (no school) 38.5 30.8 21.3 12.8 7.4 6.4
Sunday 39.1 30.8 10.7 12.8 0.0 0.0
Sports activities Monday 4.3 7.7 1.3 4.3 2.5 1.3
Tuesday 5.0 1.9 1.3 17.0 37.0 5.1
Wednesday 7.5 3.8 9.3 8.5 19.8 11.5
Thursday 3.1 15.4 4.0 10.6 24.7 6.4
Friday 8.7 5.8 8.0 12.8 9.9 0.0
Saturday (school until lunch time) 3.7 9.6 22.7 19.1 32.1 21.8
Saturday (no school) 9.9 7.7 28.0 21.3 28.4 24.4
Sunday 11.8 15.4 28.0 17.0 21.0 7.7
Cultural activities Monday 4.3 9.6 21.3 14.9 22.2 3.8
Tuesday 7.5 11.5 13.3 19.1 23.5 10.3
Wednesday 8.7 15.4 20.0 21.3 6.2 11.5
Thursday 7.5 3.8 12.0 10.6 32.1 7.7
Friday 5.0 11.5 17.3 12.8 4.9 5.1
Saturday (school until lunch time) 7.5 11.5 6.7 4.5 27.2 12.8
Saturday (no school) 7.5 13.5 8.0 6.4 27.2 12.8
Sunday 1.9 0.0 6.7 0.0 4.9 0.0
No specific plans Monday 46.7 48.1 46.7 51.0 69.1 68.0
Tuesday 42.2 59.7 65.4 46.9 32.1 75.6
Wednesday 39.8 42.3 40.0 51.1 71.5 69.3
Thursday 48.4 53.9 62.7 46.9 32.1 60.3
Friday 40.4 34.6 48.0 55.3 82.7 80.8
Saturday (school until lunch time) 50.3 48.1 49.3 63.6 33.3 61.6
Saturday (no school) 44.1 48.0 42.7 59.5 37.0 56.4
Sunday 47.2 53.8 54.6 70.2 74.1 92.3


Table15
Do children enjoy cram schools or private lessons? X gender X school
%
  Very enjoyable Fairly enjoyable A little enjoyable Not very enjoyable Not at all enjoyable Do not go to cram schools nor private lessons
Total 29.7 28.3 20.1 11.5 10.4 12.1
Gender Boys 27.1 24.3 21.0 14.0 13.6 16.7
Girls 32.3 32.3 19.3 9.0 7.1 7.0
School A 27.4 25.3 21.9 15.1 10.3 8.8
B 32.0 19.1 23.4 17.0 8.5 4.1
C 36.8 22.1 17.6 10.3 13.2 6.8
D 34.1 41.6 14.6 2.4 7.3 12.8
E 26.5 38.2 22.1 5.9 7.3 16.0
F 26.3 29.9 17.5 12.3 14.0 25.0
percentage going to cram schools or private lessons

Table16
Where children play X school
%
  School
A B C D E F
1. One's own home 65.0 26.9 42.3 56.8 76.5 52.7
2. A friend's home 29.9 44.2 58.1 40.4 61.7 57.3
3. School grounds after school 27.0 11.8 5.7 31.9 18.5 5.2
4. Parks 10.9 19.2 7.4 15.9 4.9 5.3
5. Roadside 8.3 4.0 7.5 9.1 3.7 5.3
6. Children's center 13.4 0.0 1.5 0.0 1.2 9.7
7. Ponds, rivers and forests 8.4 2.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 13.3
8. Vacant lot 9.6 2.0 1.5 2.4 1.3 7.9
9. Supermarkets and convenience stores 5.8 2.0 1.5 6.8 0.0 8.3
percentage answering "often"

Table17
Children's indoor and outdoor play
%
Indoors Like both Outdoors
Absolutely Slightly Slightly Absolutely
9.3 27.0 44.6 12.3 6.8
36.3 19.1


Table18
Children's indoor and outdoor play X school
%
  Indoors   Outdoors
School A 30.6   27.4
B 36.5 17.3
C 38.4 16.4
D 32.6 21.7
E 35.8 9.7
F 48.1 13.0


Table19
Who do children often play with?
%
By themselves 11.8
With the same friends 59.5
With different friends 28.7


Table20
Who do children often play with? X school
%
    By themselves Play with the same friends Play with different friends
School A 22.2 59.7 18.1
B 15.5 64.8 19.7
C 13.0 39.2 47.8
D 10.3 62.8 26.9
E 7.4 60.4 32.2
F 4.0 64.0 32.0


Table21
What kind of friends do children play with?
%
  Often Sometimes Rarely Never
1. Classmates 75.5 17.7 3.7 3.1
2. School mates in the same grade 39.3 31.9 14.8 14.0
3. Childhood friends in the neighborhood 14.6 14.4 15.2 55.8
4. Friends at cram schools or private lessons 10.7 16.7 18.6 54.0
5. Friends at sports classes 10.0 10.0 6.9 73.1
6. Male friends (girls only) 5.9 23.2 22.3 48.6
7. Female friends (boys only) 5.3 12.6 23.5 58.6
8. Friends at children's centers 4.2 4.6 6.4 84.8


Table22
Do children make appointments to play?
%
  Always Often Rarely Never
1. Make appointments at school 34.6 39.9 12.1 13.4
2. Make appointments by telephone 20.1 37.3 26.2 16.4
3. Friends come over to play without any appointments 4.8 27.2 34.9 33.1
4. Make no appointments, but go to places where they think their friends are playing 1.7 8.6 22.9 66.8


Table23
Do children make appointments to play? X gender
%
  Boys Girls
Make appointments at school 75.5 73.3
Make appointments by telephone 53.8 61.7
Friends come over to play without any appointments 30.4 33.6
Make no appointments, but go to places where they think their friends are playing 15.4 4.1
percentage answering "always" or "often"

Table24
When children play by themselves
%
1. When they do not have much time 48.4
2. When they want to play alone 47.6
3. When they have no appointments to play with their friends 46.4
4. When there are no friends to play with 35.4


Table25
Do children belong to cliques?
%
  Yes No
1. At school 83.8 16.2
2. After school 57.1 42.9


Table26
Do children belong to cliques? X who do children often play with
%
  By themselves With the same friends With different friends
1. Belong to cliques 5.8 59.5 34.7
2. Do not belong to cliques 20.7 59.1 20.2


Table27
What kind of friends do children play with? X do they belong to cliques?
%
  Belong to cliques Do not belong to cliques
1. Classmates 96.7 88.3
2. School mates in the same grade 76.0 64.0
3. Male friends (girls only) 34.2 24.0
4. Friends at cram schools or private lessons 31.0 23.5
5. Childhood friends in the neighborhood 29.6 27.5
6. Friends in sports classes 22.6 15.8
7. Female friends (boys only) 16.4 18.4
8. Friends at children's centers 10.4 6.3


Table28
Do children make appointments to play? X do they belong to cliques?
%
  Belong to cliques Do not belong cliques
1. Make appointments at school 78.7 67.3
2. Make appointments by telephone 58.1 56.5
3. Friends come over to play without any appointments 36.0 23.5
4. Make no appointments, but go to where they think their friends are playing 13.1 6.1


Table29
How girls play
%
  Often Sometimes Rarely Never
1. Collect Print Club stickers or other stickers 32.7 34.6 17.9 14.8
2. Collect character goods 27.9 27.6 22.7 21.8
3. Gather information on celebrities 27.8 19.3 17.0 35.9
4. Ride a unicycle 9.5 23.5 23.1 43.9
5. Dress up 11.1 17.3 23.0 48.6
6. Roller blade 6.7 16.4 12.4 64.5
7. Play with a yo-yo 0.9 6.3 11.7 81.1
8. Play games with pencils and erasers 0.9 2.7 4.5 91.9
9. Play with model cars 0.0 2.7 3.6 93.7
10. Lure fishing 0.0 2.3 4.1 93.6
11. Play with Beedaman 0.0 0.0 2.3 97.7


Table30
How boys play
%
  Often Sometimes Rarely Never
1. Play with a yo-yo 5.1 23.1 21.4 50.4
2. Play with Beedaman 8.3 19.3 13.0 59.4
3. Lure fishing 10.0 11.6 9.6 68.8
4. Collect character goods 9.5 11.5 13.1 65.9
5. Roller blade 3.6 13.6 12.8 70.0
6. Play games with pencils and erasers 6.3 7.5 19.4 66.8
7. Play with model cars 6.0 6.8 14.4 72.8
8. Ride a unicycle 2.4 4.4 8.4 84.8
9. Collect Print Club stickers or other stickers 3.6 2.8 9.2 84.4
10. Gather information on celebrities 4.0 2.0 3.6 90.4
11. Dress up 1.6 1.2 4.8 92.4


Table31
Play experiences
%
  Many times Often Once or twice Never
1. Join festivals 40.3 34.4 18.9 6.4
2. Cook and make sweets 21.4 29.1 26.9 22.6
3. Go to game centers 15.1 28.4 31.6 24.9
4. Use saws and hammers 16.4 25.1 24.2 34.3
5. Play outdoors until dark 13.5 23.3 36.1 27.1
6. Climb trees 14.2 20.1 33.7 32.0
7. Go to department stores or movie theaters alone 12.5 21.5 26.4 39.6
8. Have secret hide-outs among themselves 14.3 16.8 32.3 36.6
9. Catch beetles and frogs 9.6 14.8 26.6 49.0
10. Go out and play with a boyfriend or girlfriend 9.1 10.1 18.4 62.4
11. Play with mud 6.6 11.3 31.8 50.3
12. Make a bonfire 6.1 7.8 22.1 64.0
13. Learn games from adults in the neighborhood 5.4 6.8 28.9 58.9


Table32
Play experiences X gender
%
  Total Boys   Girls
1. Join festivals 74.7 74.1   75.6
2. Cook and make sweets 50.5 35.9 < 66.9
3. Go to game centers 43.5 49.8   36.8
4. Use saws and hammers 41.5 52.9 > 28.3
5. Play outdoors until dark 36.8 44.6 > 27.6
6. Climb trees 34.3 43.0 > 23.8
7. Go to department stores or movie theaters by children themselves 34.0 32.1   35.6
8. Have secret places among children themselves 31.1 35.0   26.1
9. Catch beetles and frogs 24.4 35.1 > 11.9
10. Go out and play with a boyfriend or girlfriend 19.2 14.8 < 24.1
11. Play with mud 17.9 20.9   14.1
12. Make a bonfire 13.9 18.9   7.9
13. Learn games from adults in the neighborhood 12.2 15.9   7.5
percentage answering "many times" or "often"

Table33
Play experiences X school X gender
%
  School
A B C D E F
1. Climb trees Boys 50.6 24.0 34.2 36.0 31.7 62.5
Girls 29.6 23.1 20.0 5.3 17.5 33.3
2. Make a bonfire Boys 25.8 12.0 12.8 8.0 9.8 20.0
Girls 11.3 0.0 5.7 5.3 5.0 13.9
3. Go out and play with a boyfriend or girlfriend Boys 20.5 8.0 15.4 12.5 2.4 20.0
Girls 32.9 28.0 17.6 36.8 12.5 16.7
4. Go to game centers Boys 54.6 56.0 47.5 24.0 48.8 55.0
Girls 31.0 26.9 45.7 26.3 40.0 48.7
5. Join festivals Boys 80.0 76.0 75.0 68.0 78.1 60.0
Girls 78.9 88.0 61.8 68.4 82.5 69.5
percentage answering "many times" or "often"

Table34
Various types of play and difficult play experiences
%
  Often Sometimes Rarely Never
1. Think up new games 17.7 23.7 29.3 29.3
2. Argue with friends 17.0 31.1 35.3 16.6
3. Play with other children one even doesn't know by name 9.8 19.1 22.1 49.0
4. Quarrel with friends 7.9 12.8 22.1 57.2
5. Do not know what to play 16.8 21.9 25.6 35.7
6. Cannot find friends to play with 12.7 23.6 35.0 28.7
7. Ostracized by friends 7.2 13.6 33.9 45.3


Table35
Factors that interrupt or limit play
%
  Often Sometimes Rarely Never
1. Must tell their parents when they will be home or where they are going 27.8 25.5 22.6 24.1
2. Told not to play in a certain way 10.1 16.6 33.1 40.2
3. Told not to get themselves or their clothes dirty 10.1 15.2 23.4 51.3
4. Told to stop playing to do other things 19.6 38.3 26.2 15.9
5. Time passes quickly when they are absorbed in playing 63.3 20.9 8.6 7.2


Table36
Inclination to play outdoors X inclination to play inside or in small groups
%
  Strong inclination to play inside Strong inclination to play in small groups
Weak inclination to play outdoors 37.9 16.5
Moderate inclination to play outdoors 19.3 22.6
Strong inclination to play outdoors 22.2 21.3


Table37
Have children argued with their friends? X inclination to play
%
  Often Sometimes Rarely Never
Inclination to play inside 34.6 30.0 16.7 22.8
Inclination to play outside 41.3 25.7 24.9 17.9
Inclination to play in small groups 32.5 20.8 17.1 11.4


Table38
Have children been ostracized by friends? X inclination to play
%
  Often Sometimes Rarely Never
Inclination to play inside 54.3 30.3 24.1 19.8
Inclination to play outside 36.4 19.7 26.4 26.9
Inclination to play in small groups 32.4 26.6 18.3 18.3


Table39
Inclination to play inside X do children belong to a clique after school?
%
  Belong to a clique Do not belong to a clique
Total 18.6 35.0
Ostracized by friends 25.0 48.2


Table40
Inclination to play in small groups X do children belong to a clique after school?
%
  Belong to cliques Do not belong to cliques
Total 20.0 20.1
Ostracized by friends 30.8 25.5


Table41
How play changes according to their different inclinations
%
inclination to play outdoors inclination to play inside inclination to play in small groups
indoors    
read comics and magazines watch TV watch TV
play Japanese chess and "Othello" games read comics and magazines read comics and magazines
run around the house read books play TV games
talk with family members play with toys play with toys
think about various things draw cartoons and pictures draw cartoons and pictures
play while eating snacks listen to music
play musical instruments
sit back and relax
look at one's collections
play while eating snacks
sit back and relax
look at one's collection
outdoors    
play with balls play with ball _ write letters or draw pictures on the ground
tag, hide-and-seek tag, hide-and-seek stroll around
jump rope stroll around ride a bicycle
play with empty cans and stones   play Game Boy outside
stroll around   chat with friends
ride a bicycle    
walk reading comics and books    
play "Game Boy" outside    
chat with friends    
go to convenience stores (e.g., "7-eleven")    
Note: shows fewer activities as inclination rises
Underlined activities are related to inclination

Table42
How children feel looking back on the day
%
  Always Often Sometimes Rarely Never
1. Tired 35.5 28.5 17.8 9.1 9.1
2. It was a happy day 15.9 30.1 27.8 13.6 12.6
3. It was a busy day 15.9 24.8 25.3 20.0 14.0
4. Played a lot 21.2 19.3 20.1 20.7 18.7
5. Believe something good is going to happen tomorrow 17.4 14.1 16.6 20.5 31.4
6. Was happy 8.5 15.4 22.2 29.2 24.7
7. Studied hard 8.3 15.0 25.2 24.3 27.2


Table43
How children feel looking back on the day X school grade
(1) It was a happy day
%
  Always Often Sometimes Rarely Never
5th graders 20.7 30.7 22.3 13.9 12.4
6th graders 10.7 29.5 33.8 13.2 12.8


(2) Believe something good is going to happen tomorrow
%
  Always Often Sometimes Rarely Never
5th graders 22.1 13.3 17.3 16.5 30.8
6th graders 12.4 15.0 15.8 24.8 32.0


(3) Tired
%
  Always Often Sometimes Rarely Never
5th graders 31.9 27.8 16.5 11.3 12.5
6th graders 39.4 29.2 19.1 6.8 5.5


Table44
How children feel looking back on the day X how many days they went to cram school or lessons in a week
%
  Not going   1-2days   3-4days   more 5days
It was a happy day 31.0 < 39.8 < 52.4   49.7
Played a lot 39.7 < 43.6   43.6 > 35.0
Believe something good is going to happen tomorrow 27.6   31.6   32.1   32.2
Was happy 24.1   17.1   30.5   21.7
It was a busy day 17.2 < 33.3 < 46.4 < 49.7
Tired 56.9   54.2 < 63.6 < 75.5
Studied hard 8.6 < 10.3 < 25.0 < 38.0
percentage answering "always " or "often"

Table45
Do children enjoy cram schools or private lessons? X how children feel looking back on the day
(1) It was a happy day
%
  Always Often Sometimes Rarely Never
Very or fairly enjoyable 21.1 35.2 24.7 9.7 9.3
Not very or not at all enjoyable 9.8 21.7 27.2 18.5 22.8


(2) Was happy
%
  Always Often Sometimes Rarely Never
Very or fairly enjoyable 10.2 18.0 25.0 28.8 18.0
Not very or not at all enjoyable 7.6 9.8 14.1 30.4 38.1


(3) Believe something good is going to happen tomorrow
%
  Always Often Sometimes Rarely Never
Very or fairly enjoyable 20.8 14.7 17.6 18.8 28.1
Not very or not at all enjoyable 10.9 12.0 13.0 20.7 43.4


(4) Tired
%
  Always Often Sometimes Rarely Never
Very or fairly enjoyable 33.2 26.2 18.0 11.1 11.5
Not very or not at all enjoyable 51.5 26.9 14.0 5.4 2.2


Table46
Who do children often play with? X how they feel looking back on the day
%
  Play by themselves Play with the same friends Play with different friends
It was a happy day 16.7 49.6 51.5
Played a lot 7.4 44.8 48.9
Believe something good is going to happen tomorrow 16.7 33.9 29.0
Was happy 5.6 28.1 22.9
It was a busy day 20.4 45.6 41.2
Tired 57.4 68.0 61.1
Studied hard 24.1 22.9 23.6
percentage answering "always" or "fairly"

Table47
How children play at home X how they feel looking back on the day
%
    Play with balls Tag play, hide-and-seek Read comics and magazines Sit back and relax
    OftenSometimes   RarelyNever OftenSometimes   RarelyNever OftenSometimes   RarelyNever OftenSometimes   RarelyNever
How they feel looking back on the day It was a happy day 57.1 > 34.5 59.8 > 37.7 46.9   40.4 44.3   48.3
Played a lot 48.7 > 31.9 55.0 > 32.1 43.5 > 27.7 41.1   38.4
Believe something good is going to happen tomorrow 36.8 > 26.1 41.5 > 25.6 33.0 > 24.5 33.0   28.5
Was happy 27.7   20.2 32.5 > 18.8 26.0 > 13.8 26.1 > 18.5
It was a busy day 41.3   39.9 43.2   39.2 42.0   36.2 40.5   41.1
Tired 60.5   67.4 60.1   66.1 65.4   58.9 67.2   57.9
Studied hard 26.2   21.0 28.4 > 20.8 21.9   30.1 17.5 < 36.4
percentage answering "always" or "fairly"